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Nitika, BBA LL.B. Lovely Professional University, Punjab
India is the country where people had made begging as their profession. People instead of giving education to their children are training or forcing their children to beg. They think that education is just the wastage of time and also it requires money which they don’t have. So to increase their family income they tell their children to beg from people. They are spoiling their own children’s future. The question that comes in my mind is – are they alone responsible for their children’s dark future? Or are we not more culprit than them?we are much more responsible for creating a dark future for our coming generations.
Child beggars begas they are guided to do this but we when give them money with a thinking that we are helping them then we destroy their future, their morale, their confidence. Some of these children are being trafficked by gangs. In India, more than 60,000 children trapped each year. Most of these are kidnapped and are forced to work as beggars. Even they are not allowed to keep their earning along with them and are treated as slaves and also the gangs don’t give them food so that they look gaunt and get more sympathy and which results in more earning for the gangs. Also we know that a disabled child will get more sympathy so they also cut some parts of their body so to get more money.
When we give these children money then we are not helping them, but by giving them money, we only encourage the cycle of begging- a horrific business, and put future children in grave danger. When we give directly to children, we hurt more than we help. It’s not possible to know whether the child is a victim of trafficking or not. By saying no to giving money to child beggars does not mean we have to turn our backs on them, we must help them by donating money to the organisations who help poor and those people who donot have a shelter. Or give those things to them that can’t be sold further by them. So they do not make it their business. Also every child somewhere in his heart has a hope of studying and going to school, but providing them money on begging destroy their that hope and for earning more they begin to beg daily. So I think we should not give them money and tell them not to do this and encourage them to study and make their future bright. Only we can make our country’s future bright by not increasing the number of beggars in our country. Also it’s our government’s duty to take some strict actions so that parents should not force their children to beg.
CAUSES OF CHILD BEGGING:
- Abject Poverty leads adults of families into begging and they also coerce their children into this business.
- Orphaned & abandoned children and the ones who run away from their native places due to poverty or any other reasons.
- Religious sanctions provided by Indian culture & religion, where people believe feeding beggars outside religious places or the ones carrying a God’s picture in a steel bowl with oil is an act of good karma and wards off evil.
- Juvenile Delinquency & Drug addiction.
- Manipulated and exploited by Adults.
- Organized Gangs/Begging mafia working who kidnap, buy & sell children (Human Trafficking) and main them for this purpose.
- Psychological & Physical coercion.
- Easy money with no labour.
- Cross generation begging since no education prevails in many generations of beggars.
- No knowledge of their rights and rehabilitation provisions and afraid of their gang-lords.
- Nexus between organized gangs and law enforcers.
- Failure of Govt. schools to retain children.
- Failure of Governance to implement policies for such children effectively.
ARTICLES AND LAWS USED FOR CHILD BEGGING:
Article 15 (3)enables the state to make special provisions for children.
Article 24 explicitly prohibits child labour and hazardous employment of children.
Article 39(f) further directs the state in its policy towards the well-being of the children.
Article 39 (c) provides that children of tender age should not be subject to abuse and should be given opportunities to develop in a healthy manner.
Article 45 makes provision for free and compulsory education for children.
Article 47 states that it is the duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and standard of living and to improve public health. The courts in India have stated that a child cannot be treated as an inanimate object or like a property by the parents.
Criminal Law on Preventing the Child From Abuse:
Exposure and abandonment of children by parents or others is a crime under section 317 of IPC. Kidnapping is a crime under sections 360, 361, 384, 363, 363 A (kidnapping for begging), 366, 367, 369 of IPC.
Special Laws For Prevention of Child From Abuse:
There are certain crimes against children which are punishable under special and local laws such as immoral traffic prevention act. The child labour act banned child labour in hotels, restaurants and as domestic servants. The Government of India passed the Children Act 1960 to introduce uniformity and to establish separate child welfare boards to handle cases relating to neglected children. 
We conclude that Government must provide free education to the people who are under poverty line and must tell them the importance to studying, the importance of hardworking, and the importance of the happiness. Which will come, when they will work for themselves and their family also they must be educated about child labour and also tell them it is not good for their children to work in such a small age as this is an obstacle in their child’s physical and mental growth.
If we not give money and gifts to child beggars it doesn’t mean we have to turn our backs on them. Donate to responsible NGOs, and look for creative new ways to be kind to children that won’t disrupt familial dynamics, encourage long-term poverty, undercut local businesses, or abet human trafficking.
 Article 15 -Bare Act of Indian Constitution.
 Code of criminal procedure
Juvenile Justice (care & protection of children) Act.