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Written By- Abhivardhan
Syrian Arab Republic has been in the centric possibilities to become the best exemplification of fated construct of a newer chapter in International Law and Relations. The fragmented neutrality of the United States of America, India’s overwhelming intervening spirit in the Israel-Palestine considerations and a ‘so-called’ mediation by the Russian Federation and China do expressly indicate that Syria is now converted into a proclaimed but weakened democracy, where there isn’t a democracy but a mere construct of divergences and planned crises of monopoly, which in the end is being tried by the Russian Federation, People’s Republic of China and India via their own roles to overthrow the hegemonic tactics of the West, which furthered the risks of Cold War. This article thus takes a dig at the basic considerations so asserted and the stature of the Security Council and the East Bloc towards a magnified blockade to the tactical west powers towards a mediating bias.
Keywords – Syrian Arab Republic, Security Council, Sochi Process, Hegemonic Constraint, Turkish Monopoly.
Syria, in the wake of its planned subsets of crises and monopoly into a massive human exploitation and miscarriage of resources into a draining constraint for other tactical states such as Turkey, Iran and Russia has made it awkwardly confined such that President Assad has nothing to do but to just become a successful saved vase of diplomatic gimmicks after what Russia may have remorse towards the end of Muhammad Gaddafi. The irrelevant role of the ISIS and other militias does not make any sense because the United States of America is in the wake of an Islamophobic President and White House, whose objectivity has broken the demarcated treatment of the Obama-led U.S. with Pakistan and Central Asia. However, People’s Republic of China became the most sarcastic player in Asia by gimmicking and showing a so-called ‘special gossiping’ with Pakistan over its own interested OBOR, which is now heading to become an economic sponge to build reliance constraints on some EU nations, towards a more strategic matter of considerations set up after Brexit. The torn pictures and low-pitched rhapsodies of this so-called crises of sectarian and ethnic self-determination has turned into a hoax and turned down to be much neutralized even if the Assad-loyalist forces have attempted to hurt Turkish interests. Security Council has never failed, but it has exemplified a more beautiful aspect of how it is and why it is so important to deal with the legal and political responsibility in the United Nations. The role of United Nations has never been redundant but nevertheless, India has tactically tried to emerge as a so-called mediator power in the Middle East akin Russia by touching the Israel-Palestine fragility. This ascribes a clear demarcated discomfort for the westerners in the wake of rightist considerations.
A fated remnant of the Syrian Crisis
Access and security issues in the Syrian Arab Republic posed serious limitations to the reporting of grave violations against children and high risks for victims, witnesses and monitors. Local accountability posed as a specific threat rather than a mere solution. In the late 1940s, Syria’s newly gained independence showed that establishing a viable state is an enormous challenge. After centuries of colonial domination, the government was expected to efficiently perform its function of providing territorial and social security. As Linz and Stepan point out, a democratic system, in order to be sustainable, has to provide a minimum provision of economic resources. Foreign economic competition, regional conflicts and Cold War rivalry added further strain to the already arduous task of forming a stable and responsive government. Bitter conflicts provoked by social disparities led to the destabilization of the state. Diverse concepts of the shape of the country caused rivalry among authority representatives in Syria’s definition process. Post-independence elites, pan-Arabs, Nasserites and socialist parties – all competed to shape the pathway of Syrian political and economic development. Later on, in the present times, the present situational paradox converted into a mere manifestation of extrapolation of dejecting hegemony. This is ascertainable from what the West Bloc has done being distributive and individualistic in its own purview. The literature on the IR and politics of the Middle East shows that multiple levels of analysis, the intervention of global level actors with varying responses by regional states, and the interaction of identity and security in foreign policy-making drive the emergence of the regional states system. This is what the matter-of-fact ascribes today. Identity became the wind to bring about the aftermath of sectarian and ethnic crises, which encouraged furtherance of diverse functionalities of different state and non-state actors. Now, whatever be the reason, but it is not obvious that a mere act of scribbling something by a school boy in the walls of some school in the Syrian city of Deraa may lead to the worst crises that have we ever thought about in 2011. Was it then a “conspiracy” against the Syrian regime? Well it was.
Accuracy is spelt out in a vaguer way so as to deface the essence but not the reality as it is not that possible. In the beginning, the rebels obtained all their weapons from the Syrian regime officers (in apparently corrupted deals), but anyone who has even a basic knowledge of Syrian affairs knows that before 2011 the Syrians, whether civilians or officers, had not the courage or the chance to sell a cigarette or even say a word to someone fighting the government. While Russia, who had got the lion’s share of the Syrian war benefits along with Turkey, had sold almost all its weapons in storage from World War II. Like growing number of leaders in the Middle East, Haftar has a new set of friends in Moscow. After three decades on the sidelines, Russia is once again a major player in the region. In the last six months alone, the country has altered the course of the Syrian civil war and took control of the peace process, forging a close relationship with Turkey’s strongman President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and has been courting traditional U.S. allies such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Israel as well. And over the past two years, Russian President Vladimir Putin has received the leaders of Middle Eastern states 25 times—five more than former U.S. President Barack Obama, according to a Newsweek analysis of presidential meetings. Hence, this is easily understandable when identity-based nexus is pierced, new identities arise and political constraints become turbulent to percolate for shaping into newer tendencies.
The magnitude, statistics and vox populi of a mere torn Syrian self-determination does not make any sense because it has now become a memoir of turbulent reflection on the applicability of International Refugee Law and International Humanitarian Law. Thus, to be more precise, it is not the crisis, which must be noticed but the intrinsic actors behind it. Although the media rarely mentions Turkey while speaking about the Syrian crisis, except as an “innocent neutral neighboring country” and one of the “war victims,” the Syrian crisis is actually all about Turkey: No Turkey = no crisis = no ISIS = no war. With using the Syrians as part of its Troy game, threatening Europe shamelessly of opening the borders for refugees if European Union didn’t accept Turkey as a member, while promising effective locking in case they joined them, extorting Europeans to accept what they really didn’t want and used to refuse for ages was a sign to signify how a mere bid by Turkey was just to threaten. Then, after overthrowing the UN-sponsored Geneva Communique III, Russia, Turkey and Iran sponsored the Sochi process in the wake of their own sui generis interests, which were not as such. Hence, the crises has just turned out to be a mere picture of hoax towards nothing but a pattern of planned strategy of Russia towards a general leverage to polarise international influence.
India, China and Russia – A Divergence Divided but Active
One of the notable trends of the past century that is likely to continue to strongly influence global politics in this century is the current information revolution. China has been a direct beneficiary learner to the west-encouraged extra territorial measure to the International Community. It is thus inclining towards a tactical political and economic compulsion. This leaves the US in the affray of “major security questions in Asia”, while as Narendra Modi has abandoned the policy of equidistance and turned India into a military and diplomatic ally of the USA, India’s credibility as a mediating soft power is badly affected. In this way, President Jinping is truly rising as a preliminary supporter of the Russian isolation from the trampoline-like uncertainties that the West has often wished to create. He is hard but much self-reliant to consider its intervening policy, when he means-
“Some foreigners with full bellies and nothing better to do engage in finger-pointing at us. First, China does not export revolution; second, it does not export famine and poverty; and third, it does not mess around with you. So what else is there to say?”
With no external interference, in addition of defending a cornerstone of its foreign policy, China is against any suggestion of tightening the already tense situation in the Middle East. A worsening of the crisis in Syria, threatening the start of a regional conflict, would lead to unimaginable dangers for Beijing in terms of energy supplies that make the Middle East so vital to the livelihood of the Chinese economy. Regional instability could cause serious problems for trade and oil imports. The surging Chinese economic growth cannot afford any stops. Even in case of tourism, Chinese and Russian visitors boosted Middle Eastern tourism last year following a 2016 slump as Europeans gave the area a wide berth on security fears, according to the World Tourism Organisation (WTO). Thereafter, India, having no relation with the essence of the Israeli-Palestinian chaos, enters into the ground to deal as a targeted mediator like what Russia requires and fears somewhere. Nevertheless, it has a Palestinian support and lays the commendable ambiguity thereafter.
For 60 and more years, India advocated a more neutralised mediating but yet liberalised policy against the Sahrawis, Palestinians and Israelis. However, this subjection changed under the so-observable vaguely U.S.-biased Prime Minister Modi, which India has never presented irrespective of imparting supportive attitude towards the International Community. So, yes, here is China, which is arising better to levy on the Westerners, but the basic considerations on what Russia and India are doing must never be overlooked.
There is no general certainty regarding the future prospects of the crisis itself, but there is one clear consideration; the West has to fall for a tentative period, where the fall shall be slipped off so as to make it drown. However, the West shall never sink as it is never possible. A more basic reason can be that identity and comprehensive capabilities are the basic truth behind the rise of the East Bloc, which is itself unstable but highly tactical. Thus, even if the West is in a little quirky danger for a short period, the Syrian Crisis shall always become the torch-bearer and guidance for the Westerners to come back and become the succeeding perpetrators of another crises or tendency of importance other than being a better challenge to change the facets of International Law and Relations.
Written By : ABHIVARDHAN
Edited By : GAURAV AGARWAL
 Undergraduate student pursuing B.A. L.L.B. (Hons.), Year-1 in Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow.
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