CrPCJudicial ExamLegal Notes

PCS (J) Notes: Distinction between Inquiry & Trial


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Inquiry (Sec 2 (g) ) Trail 
In inquiry if judicial process in completed it will not result into acquittal/conviction. it may result into discharge or committal for trial. The trial leads either to conviction or acquittal.
Inquiry may relate to an offence or a matter which is not an offence. For Ex. inquiry for deciding the issue for main-tenance, possession or public nuisance. Trial is always of an offence.
Inquiry is used in a wider sense to include every kind of inquiry other then trial (unlimited meaning). Trial denotes two things:

(a) Trial of a controversy arising from an issue.

(b) Trial of a complaint or an action from beginning to an end.


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