Awantika Sharma, BBA L.LB 3rd Year, Shri Ramswaroop Memorial University

History or Origin of Blue Whale

Blue Whale began in Russia in 2013 with “F57”, one of the names of the so-called “death group” of the VKontakte social network,[1] and allegedly caused its first suicide in 2015.[2] [3]Philipp Budeikin, a former psychology student who was expelled from his university, claimed that he invented the game. Budeikin stated that his purpose was to “clean” the society by pushing to suicide those he deemed as having no value.[4][5]

In Russia in 2016, Blue Whale came into broader use among teenagers after a journalist brought attention to it through an article that linked many unrelated suicide victims to the Blue Whale, creating a wave of moral panic in Russia.[6] Later, Budeikin was arrested and pled guilty to “inciting at least 16 teenage girls to commit suicide”, leading to Russian suicide prevention legislation and renewed world-wide concern over the Blue Whale phenomenon.[7] It has also been linked to other rising self-harm trends, such as “human embroidery” in China.[8] The game is based on the relationship between the challengers (also called players or participants) and the administrators.[9] It involves a series of duties given by the administrators that players must complete, usually one per day, some of which involve self-mutilation.[4][17] Some tasks can be given in advance, while others can be passed on by the administrators on that day, the last task being suicide.[10]

Argentina Brazil Bulgaria Chile China India Italy Kenya Russia Spain Serbia and this has many more names

Some Actualities of Blue Whale Game

  • The term “Blue Whale” is derived from the phenomenon of beached whales, which is related to suicide.
  • In Russia in 2016, Blue Whale became a huge craze among teenagers. It caused many unrelated suicides in the country. As per reports, more than 100 teenagers have allegedly committed suicide to complete the challenge.
  • It’s not a downloadable software or app. It’s primarily a social media phenomenon that enters social media networks from secret groups. Some of the examples of the social media phenomenon are the Harlem Shake and ALS Ice Bucket Challenge.
  • It allegedly caused its first suicide in 2015. Philipp Budeikin, a former psychology student is claimed to have invented this game.
  • The game is reported to have started in Russia in 2013. The “F57” was one of the first names of the “death group” of the VKontakte social network. It has now spread in several countries.
  • The final challenge compels the player to commit suicide. The entire assigned task is tracked by a curator. The tasks include watching horror movies and inflicting self-harm.
  • It assigns 50 tasks to players during a 50-day period. The player has to take photos while undertaking the challenge and upload them as proofs for the curator’s approval.
  • He said that the main purpose of his creating the game was to “clean” the society by forcing people, who have no value, to commit suicide.

Dares of Blue Whale[11]

  • The player is asked to write a phrase on his own hand or arm.
  • The player has to get up at 4:20 a.m. and watch a horror video-that’s sent by the curator.
  • He has to make lengthwise cuts on his own arm.
  • He is asked to draw a whale on a piece of paper.
  • He must write “yes” on his leg if he wants to be a whale. Else, he is asked to cut himself multiple times.
  • The player gets secret task which is written in code.
  • He is asked to scratch (a message) on his own arm.
  • He has to write a status online claiming he is a whale.
  • He is told to get rid of the fear.
  • Wake up at 4:20 and go to the roof.
  • He has to carve whale on his own hand.
  • He is asked to watch scary videos all day.
  • Listen to the type of music the “curator” sends.
  • He is asked to cut his lip.
  • He has to poke his own arm/hand with a needle.
  • He has to make himself hurt or sick.
  • He is told to go to roof and stand on the edge.
  • Stand on a bridge.
  • Climb a crane.
  • Now, the nefarious “curator” makes sure if the participant is faithful.
  • Talk with another “whale” on Skype.
  • The player has to sit on a roof with legs dangling over the edge.
  • He is given another task in code.
  • A secret mission.
  • Meet with a “whale.”
  • The administrator assigns a date on which the player has to kill himself.
  • Visit a railroad.
  • Avoid talking with anyone all day.
  • Take an oath/vow about being a whale.
  • From 30-49 days, you have to wake up at 4:20, watch videos, listen to music. You are asked to make one cut on your hand every day, while talking to a whale.
  • On the last day, jump out of the window or go under a train.


Some of Blue Whale stories

The Maharashtra government said that it is contemplating imposing a ban on the Blue Whale challenge, an online suicide game, after it was suspected to be the reason behind the death of a 14-year-old boy. The boy allegedly committed suicide by jumping off the terrace of his five-floor building at Andheri (East) . Also On 10 August 2017, a 14-year-old boy on the way to finish the Blue Whale challenge was rescued by the Maharashtra Police, who intercepted the bus in which he was traveling to Pune, from his home town of Solapur.

A boy in West Bengal allegedly committed suicide to meet the conditions of the online 50-day game.

In San Juan Province, Argentina, a 14-year-old boy was admitted to intensive care after participating in Blue Whale.

In the Chilean city of Antofagasta, a mother reported to the police that her 12-year-old daughter had 15 cuts on her arm that formed the design of a whale. After being interviewed by police officers, she confessed that she followed game administrator’s instructions while playing this game.

A 13-year-old boy in Velika Plana injured his hand, telling his parents that he had done so because of Blue Whale. The parents reported the case to the police at serbia.

In the city of San Antonio, Texas, the body of a 15-year-old was found on 8 July 2017. A cellphone had broadcast the teen’s suicide, which is believed to be related to the game.It is also alleged that the game was tied to a teen’s death in Atlanta, Georgia

In the city of Rivera, 450 kilometers from Montevideo, a 13-year-old girl was hospitalized at a local hospital after employees of the school she attended reported injuries to her left arm.

Most Importantly

The Blue Whale game is named after the phenomenon of blue whales supposedly deliberately beaching themselves and is an alleged online ‘game’ in which, after being given daily tasks of mounting danger levels, culminates in the player (usually cited as a teenager) being forced to kill themselves after 50 days of play. A quick search will reveal supposed victims – happy, pretty teenagers from middle class families in Russia who killed themselves in order to complete the game. It has even been reported in mainstream national tabloid newspapers in various countries such as UK, mostly in Europe. However, a deeper dig reveals that the ‘game’ doesn’t really exist outside of the news stories about it. There has never been any verified proof on such an app being available, nor of news stories pertaining to the death of the teenagers in question. It appears that the real reason behind the viral news story was to highlight the need for parents to monitor what their children are doing online and to be vigilant against would-be games such as these which vulnerable & impressionable kids could be susceptible to. The truth, or what we know about those behind the game/ hoax, is quite murky and there isn’t a clear-cut answer as to who is behind the Blue Whale game, whether it’s real or what the designer’s motivations might be. There is little real evidence of the Blue Whale game existing outside of what was reported in news stories.[12]


There have been a few suicides directly attributed to Blue Whale challenge. Hashtags on social networks, macabre and weird pictures in their profiles, some keywords, before they did it, usually jumped off a high place or under a train. A high-profile catch, one of the founders of Blue Whale has been just a few days ago captured. However, Russian authorities have recently upgraded the law to effectively fight anyone administering suicide groups. Upto 12 years prison now. There is a reason they’ve done that. There is nothing mystical in this “challenge”. It’s not a Japanese urban legend where a disembodied voice, a yurei (ghost), calls you and says “seven daaaays..”. There are real perverts who enjoy controlling people and seeing their cuts and damages. Most of those “curators” are all hot air, they only can scare someone who’s in the right mood. Most are completely powerless to do anything to a person or his relatives. Most are also cowardly. There are a lot of videos of people trolling and exposing “curators”, some even catch the dowers and after hearty beating, forward them to the police.

[1] Администратор «групп смерти». Чистосердечное признание (АУДИОЗАПИСЬ) Archived 2017-05-26 at the Wayback Machine.., 15 November 2016. URL retrieved 28 April 2017.

[2] “Baleia Azul, o jogo suicida que preocupa o Brasil e o mundo”. Terra. Archived from the original on 2017-07-02.

[3] “Baleia Azul, o jogo suicida que preocupa o Brasil e o mundo”. Archived from the original on 2017-08-16.

[4] “Preso, criador do jogo “Baleia Azul” diz que estava “limpando o lixo da sociedade” – Internacional – BOL Notícias”. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017

[5] Redação (10 May 2017). “Criador do jogo de suicídio Baleia Azul é preso e diz que fez ‘limpeza da sociedade'”. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.

[6] “FACT CHECK: ‘Blue Whale’ Game Responsible for Dozens of Suicides in Russia?”. 27 February 2017. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017

[7] “Blue whale challenge administrator pleads guilty to inciting suicide – BBC Newsbeat”. BBC Newsbeat. 2017-11-05. Archived from the original on 2017-06-21. Retrieved 2017-06-23.

[8] Allen, Kerry (2017-06-23). “Online concern over Chinese ‘human embroidery’ trend”. BBC News. Archived from the original on 2017-06-23. Retrieved 2017-06-23

[9] “Polícia busca ‘curadores’ do Baleia-Azul – Brasil – Estadão”. Brasil Estadao. Archived from the original on 2017-05-18.

[10] “Polícia busca ‘curadores’ do jogo online Baleia-Azul – Agência Estado – UOL Notícias”. UOL. Archived from the original on 2017-04-21



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