Frequent terms of Judiciary

*Expedient* – To Prioritize , to rush

*Cavil* – Argument by which a conclusion evidently false , is drawn from a     principle evidently true.

*Elusive* – Difficult to find , catch or achieve.

*Scuffle* – a short , confused fight or struggle at close quarters.

*Credential* – a qualification, achievement , quality, or aspect of a person ‘s background , especially when used to indicate their suitability for something.

*Oblivious* – Aware.

*Accustomed* – Customary ; usual.

*Treacherous* – Guilty of or involving betrayal.

*Erudite* – learned.

*Accentuating* – More noticeable.

*Crescendo* – Progressive increase in intensity.

*Tedious* –Too long , slow or dull.

*Dreadful* – involving great suffering.

*Enigma* – Mysterious or difficult to understand.

*Sceptical* – Doubtful.

*Sardonic* – grimly mocking or cynical.

*Habeas corpus* – a prerogative writ to a person who detains another in custody and which commands him to produce or ‘ have the body of that person before him ‘

*Mesne* – middle, intervening or tame by nature.

*Per se* – by itself

*Nocumentum* – an annoying , unpleasant or obnoxious thing or ptactice.

*Non obstante* – notwithstanding

*Prima facie* – on the face of it.

*Aequitas* – Equity i.e fair or just according to natural law.

*Bona fide* – in good faith.

*Certiorari* – a writ of a superior court calling forth the records and entire proceedings of an inferior court or a writ by which causes are removed from an inferior court into a superior court.

*Obiter dictum* – an incidental and collateral opinion uttered by a judge while delivering a judgement and which is not binding.

*Pari material* – on the same material.

*Pendente lite* – during the process of litigation.

*Supra* – above.

*Status quo* – the state in which the things are , or were.

*Volkogeist* – general awareness of the people.

*Res judicata* – a case or suit already decided.

*RE* – in the matter of.

*Ratio Legis* – according to spirit of law

*Scienter* – knowledge ; an allegation in a pleading that the thing has been done knowingly.

*Ex gratia* –as an act of grace or favour.

*In rem* – an act , proceeding or right available against the world at large, as opposed to in personam.

*Noscitur a socits* – a word known by its associates , i.e the meaning of a word cab be gathered from the context.

*Res sub judicata* – a matter under judicial consideration.

*Ad hoc* – created or done for a particular purpose as necessary.

*Pertinent* – Relevant  or applicable to a particular matter , apposite.

*Curative petition* – question arises whether an aggrieved person is entitled to any relief against the final judgment / order of the Supreme Court, after dismissal of a review petition

*Erect* –rigidly upright or straight.

*Advent* – arrival of a notable person or thing.

*Submergence* – to cover ; bury.

*Vicinity* –the area near or surrounding a particular place.

*Detention* –the act of detaining someone or the state of being in official custody.

*Rebuttable* – an instance of rebutting evidence or an accusation.

*Preclude* – prevent from happening ; make impossible.

*Discrepancy* – an illogical or surprising lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts.

*Superannuation* – pension paid to a retired employee who has contributed to a superannuation fund.

*Ordinance* – An authoritative order

*Promulgation* – to make known by open declaration; publish ; proclaim formally or put into operation.

*Consortium* – the right of association and companionship with one’s husband or wife

*Averred* – allege as a fact in support of a plea

*Estoppel* – the principle which precludes a person from asserting something contrary to what is implied by a previous action or statement of that person or by a previous pertinent judicial determination.

*Plenary* – unqualified ;  absolute

*Impugned* – dispute the truth , validity or honesty of ( a statement or motive ) ; call into question.

*Prejudiced* – harm or injury that results or may result from some action or judgement.

*Legal Luminary* – a person who inspires or influences others , especially one prominent in a particular sphere.

*Plagiarized* – the act of appropriating the literary composition of another , or parts or passages of his writings , or the ideas or language of the same , and passing them off as the product of one’s own mind.

*Evacuee* – A person evacuated from a place of danger.

*Demarcate* – Set the boundaries or limits of.

*Unfettered* –  not confined or restricted

*Discernible* – able to be discerned ; perceptible.

*Arenas* – a place or scene of activity , debate , or conflict.

*Transgression* – An act that goes against a law , or code of conduct ; an offence.

*Construed* – interpret in a particular way.

*Consonance* – Agreement or compatibility , between opinions or actions.

*Retrospectively* – looking back.

*Dissuade* – persuade not to take a particular course of action.

*Rationale* – set of reasons.

*Embezzlement* – Theft or misappropriation of funds placed in one’s trust or belongings to one’s employer.

*Perished* –  die , especially in a violent or sudden way.

*Inter alia* – among other things

*Arbitration * – the use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute.

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