How to prepare for judicial services examination ?

Ayush Singh, Legal News Reporter

The Judicial Services examination has two entry levels. The first is for fresh graduates through an entrance exam conducted by the respective state public service commissions (UP, MP, Rajasthan etc.) or the High Court . The syllabus for these exams can be found on the website of the commissions and includes law subjects along with English, general knowledge and the local language of the state. An entry through this avenue assures you of time based promotions and a secured employment early on in your career.

The second avenue through which you may join the judicial service is known as the Higher Judicial Service (HJS). This service is open for lawyers with a certain prescribed minimum years of litigating practice, usually seven. Applicants have to appear for a competitive examination for entry to the HJS the syllabus for which is similar to the one described above. The advantage with this option is that if selected the applicant gets posted as an additional district judge which significantly hastens promotional prospects.

The pattern of conducting an examination for Judicial Services Examination is approximately same for all the states. There can be minor change in the syllabus.

The Aspirants for judicial examination are expected to keep in mind the following things when they start their preparation :

  1. The aspirant may start their preparation with bare acts.
  2. While going through bare acts, pay special attention to definition, section , order and rules , essential ingredient, illustration , explanation , examples and schedule. As the pre examination objective is of objective nature and the aspirant are expected to have a good command .
  3. Try to make knowledge base for all the topics rather mugging up selected question.
  4. The Leading case laws make a substantial portion from questions which are frequently asked in exam. I suggest you to subscribe a legal magazine for this.
  5. Most of the judicial exams contain a separate paper for general knowledge. You are expected to have good knowledge on the following topics :
  6. History of India and World
  7. Geography of India
  8. Indian Polity
  9. Current National Issue
  10. Indian Economy
  11. International Organisation and Treaties
  12. The state public service or Hon’ble High court whoever is conducting the examination may include the following topics for law paper in prelims :
  13. Jurisprudence
  14. International Organisation
  15. Current International Affairs
  16. Indian Constitution
  17. Transfer of Property Act
  18. Indian Evidence Act
  19. Indian Penal Code
  20. Civil Procedure Code

I . Criminal Procedure Code

  1. Law of Contract
  2. Local Acts
  3. Partnership Act
  4. Principle Governing Arbitration Law
  5. Specific Relief
  6. Limitation Act
  7. Law of Succession

For appearing in a legal or judicial examination, it is essential one must be a law graduate. Given below is the list of the exams for which one can complete after completion of law graduation :

  1. PCS J
  2. HJS
  3. APO Assistant Prosecuting Officer
  4. Assistant District Attorney
  5. Assistant Public Prosecutor
  6. Legal Manager
  7. Law Officer

Tips :

  1. Have a complete and detailed syllabus of exam for which you wish to appear.
  2. Make a scheduled time table.
  3. Study the complete bare acts thoroughly.
  4. Make a habit of refer books on relevant topics
  5. Keep revising the topics.
  6. For G.K Watch news channels regularly.
  7. Make and maintain news and information on regular basic date wise relating to international treaties, UNO and allied organisation, Important days and dates , recently held award, latest development in the field of science, telecommunication, space …etc.


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