Euroscepticism and Brexit: A Mere Curb Against European Integrity

Written By :  Abhivardhan

Abstract

Brexit is not just the tough or fake fruition of an EU-leaving referendum, which affects the future of single market and European economy. It is meant to be a special case of scepticism, which entails a lot of questions breaking up a political constraint on people living in Britain. As the Phase 1 negotiations have been mandated by the Department for Exiting the European Union, it seems a single intertwined reality of how Europe is wrongly termed to be destroyed, which, in the end is never possible. The so-called approached concerns of Prime Minister Theresa May and EP Member Nigel Farage does not seem towards a single thing on what they have to do. In a single sense, Brexit is not a hoax, but a very specific political, social and economic mistake, which the Britons are obviously worried of. This article thus flashes out on the sceptic politics of Britain under a populist and nationalist regime that has no general sense to act forward and give a solution.

Introduction

The unprecedented referendum to exit the EU was done on 29 March 2016, which marked the resignation of David Cameroon as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, leading to which we seek two important players coming into action- Theresa May and David Davis. A new department- the Department for Exiting the European Union (DExEU) was formed. European Parliament was in a disarray for the referendum being so changeable in its delicate variation of totally a sceptic 51.9 percent to leave the EU. There, an unprecedented role of the Chief Brexit Negotiator, Guy Verhofstadt comes, who deals with how the process is to be furthered. A joint report was published at the end of December 2017 stipulating the basic phases for the process. However, amidst this, there exists a simulated political constraint with what happened in case of Germany, Greece and Italy. People are doubtful. They are not in a state to understand that European Unity is a need. Well, this is not a biased concern, because a union of EU27 under unanimity rule can be in a great anomaly to act and behave, which is one of the core problems. More, the carefree and aloft attitude of President Trump helmed by the autocratic Putin of Russia brings Europe in a dilemma of fragility, which must not be ignored either. This article revolves around the political realm of how populist and nationalist politics lead Brexit towards a wrong purview, which concedes a question for all of us.

Populism, Nationalism and the Bad Times

It is quite certain that the people across Europe including the Britons, are awed of the migration flows from Syria, Yemen and other countries under normative and turbulent conditions, which is arisen under a trap, not giving a mere solution. This notion of a “dominant culture” is abhorrent. Quite rightly, the EU’s motto is “united in diversity.” What we need is tolerance, respect for each other’s culture, religious freedom and the #RuleofLaw.[1] The European Parliament’s Brexit co-ordinator says the most important issue to settle is finding a “serious” solution to fears of a hard border in Ireland. Sources say Britain has a “matter of weeks” to secure an Irish deal so it can be approved at a European Council meeting of EU leaders in June. He believes the nerve agent attack in Salisbury has highlighted the need for Britain to forge close security and defence links. Mr Verhofstadt said: “Much time has been wasted over the last year, but I am more hopeful than I have ever been that there will be a deal.[2]

Well, this is an accountable question, which the Negotiator deals very explicitly. He also stated in an interview- “Theresa May has provided some much-needed clarity on the fact that she wants a hard Brexit. But you’re right that there were a lot of unrealistic expectations in the prime minister’s speech. We will not let U.K. leave the union only to cherry-pick its way back into our common market for example. What’s also an unproductive negotiation tactic is the threat to turn Britain into a tax haven. It will hurt British people and damage Britain’s credibility in the international community.[3]” Likewise, in the United States, the new President-elect Donald Trump promised many changes on the campaign trail, but already many of these have faltered. By cancelling the Trans-Pacific Partnership deal, Trump will only vacate space for China to step in and increase its influence in Asia. Will this really bring jobs and wealth to de-industrialised areas in the mid-west of the US?[4] Well, at least it puts on the basic sui generis question of making actionable realities that make it work, which is moot and absent in this case. We must listen to people’s concerns about globalisation, but the response should not be protectionism and rather, it should be shaping globalisation so that it works for us. Free trade should be defended – but it must be fair trade too.[5]

The European Union has the power to shape globalisation and we should harness it. One of the greatest delusions spread by populists on both the left and right is that turning inwards will empower us. However, the reality is that in an inter-connected world, no single European country can influence global trade rules. And make no mistake: if we abandon shaping the environment around us, others will shape us. This is why internationalism is so important; far from diluting national influence and control, pooling sovereignty actually helps to leverage more control and influence on the world stage. Populists who shout, “we want our country back” and “let’s take back control” are doing so as they give up power. Another example of how internationalism and the pooling of sovereignty has benefitted us all is NATO. In light of the election of Trump- we can no longer fully rely on the US to protect us, so it makes sense for the EU to finally do much more to share military procurement and progressively integrate its military forces.[6] So, this is quite understandable how Brexit got shaped in this way.

Conclusion

For starters, a draft withdrawal treaty between the UK and the EU is now close to completion, though both sides have made clear that nothing is agreed until everything is agreed. Once finalized, this treaty will establish the rights and obligations of both parties on a range of issues, including the “Brexit bill” – that is, the UK’s outstanding liabilities from its time as a member of the bloc – as well as the rights of EU citizens living in the UK, and vice versa. EU and UK negotiators have also agreed to a 21-month transition phase, from March 29, 2019, to December 31, 2020, during which the UK will effectively remain an EU member state, albeit without representation in the European Parliament or any other EU decision-making bodies. The key outstanding issue that has yet to be resolved – and which will dominate discussions in the coming months – is the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, which will remain in the EU.[7] The nation is neither a matter of language, race, religion, interests, geography, or even military necessity nor it is any longer a matter of social history, historical coincidence, or some vague feeling of unity. The nation is an ongoing reflection of conscious solidarity, the manifestation of a deliberate decision to live together according to shared laws and principles. [8] We must not make those mistakes that were made in the end of eighteenth century, when ‘Identity’ as a word was duly misused. What the eighteenth century called the Enlightenment we now know as globalization. If the Enlightenment was criticised for divorcing people from their natural pasts, globalization is now blamed for upsetting the balance of our planet and for turning the world into a madly spinning top that leaves humankind to its fate.[9] So, if we see how a political aspect is being created, then we can also hope for a better end for a better Europe.

References-

[1] guyverhofstadt, (4:13 AM, 3 Apr 2018). This notion of a “dominant culture” is abhorrent. Quite rightly, the EU’s motto is “united in diversity.” What we need is tolerance, respect for each other’s culture, religious freedom and the #RuleofLaw. [Twitter Post]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/guyverhofstadt/status/981127597697437696?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Etweet.

[2] Wooding, David (1st April 2018, 1:19 am). EU HOPE OVER DEAL: EU chief Guy Verhofstadt ‘more hopeful than ever’ of good Brexit deal for Britain and EU.

[3] McDonald-Gibson, Charlotte (January 18, 2017). Q&A: Europe’s Guy Verhofstadt on Theresa May, Brexit and E. U’s Future.

[4] Verhofstadt, Guy; Petru, Rysyard (02/12/2016 16:47 GMT | Updated 03/12/2017 10:12 GMT). To Defeat Populism, Europe Must Offer an Alternative Vision. Retrieved from https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/guy-verhofstadt/europe-populism_b_13373540.html.

[5] Ibid.

[6] Ibid 5.

[7] Verhofstadt, Guy (Apr 2, 2018). Breaking the Brexit Stalemate. Retrieved from https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/brexit-association-agreement-by-guy-verhofstadt-2018-04.

[8] Verhofstadt, Guy (2017). Europe’s Last Chance: why the European States Must Form a More Perfect Union, Basic Books, New York, p. 81.

[9] Ibid, p. 82.

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