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Mukesh Singh and five others brutally gang-raped a 23-year-old Delhi paramedic student Nirbhaya, in December 2012. The incident was widely condemned, both in India and abroad. Subsequently, public protests against the state and central governments for failing to provide adequate security for women took place in New Delhi, where thousands of protesters clashed with security forces.

Looking at the seriousness of the matter, a court-ordered death sentence to be given to 4 of the convicts. Out of six accused, one committed suicide at the Tihar Jail and the juvenile was sent to a reformation home for three years. Previously, the hanging was to take place on 22nd Jan 2020 but the death warrant could not be executed as some of the accused used legal options, such as moving a curative petition in the Supreme Court and mercy petition to the President. However, the curative petition was dismissed by the Supreme Court and the mercy plea was rejected by the president.

Simultaneously, the Delhi HC issued fresh death warrants against the four Nirbhaya convicts and set a new date for their hanging that is February 1, 2020, at 6 am. On the extension of days for hanging the convicts Nirbhaya's mother expressed grave displeasure, she said that “Those who attacked my daughter are being given a thousand options, but we have no rights?” It is so disheartening that a mother who has been waiting for justice for 8 years has to wait more and more, even after the conviction has been confirmed.

Further, Chief Justice of India (CJI) Sharad A. Bobde said that a condemned person cannot fight the death penalty endlessly and it is important that capital punishment should reach its finality. He also asked the Solicitor-General Tushar Mehta, that, “whether a condemned person, who reforms after the award of the death sentence by a court, should be spared the noose?” To which Mr Mehta replied, “If that is accepted, there will be no death penalty. You can't kill your parents and then claim mercy saying you are an orphan”.